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Christmas Nike Air Yeezy - The science of 'friggatriskaidekaphobia': Our fear of Friday 13th comes from a sense we are lacking control, says studyUS scientists say superstitions are at a peak when others are judging usBut when they are rarely used in situations when we are judging ourselvesA?Superstitions, they say, could increase confidence and may lead to improved performance Christmas Nike Air Yeezy - but they have no concrete evidence of thisByEllie Zolfagharifard For Dailymail.com Published: 17:24 GMT, 13 February 2015 | Updated: 18:58 GMT, 13 February 2015 44 shares 29 View comments If you have an irrational fear of Friday the 13th - also known as friggatriskaidekaphobia - then you're in good company.Today, people all over Christmas Nike Air Yeezy the world will avoid planes, wedding chapels, black cats and walking under ladders.Now a new study suggests this irrational fear, along with other centuries-old superstitions, is at its peak when we feel others are judging us. If you have an irrational fear of Friday the 13th - also known as friggatriskaidekaphobia - then you're Christmas Nike Air Yeezy in good company.Today, people all over the world will avoid planes, wedding chapels, black cats and walking under ladders. This fear, according to a new study, is at its peak when we feel others are judging usEric Hamerman at Tulane University and Carey Morewedge at Boston University have found that people are more likely Christmas Nike Air Yeezy to turn to superstitions during what they term 'performance goals'.'For example, if I'm a musician, I want people to applaud after I play,' said lead author Eric Hamerman.'Or if I'm a student, I want to get a good grade.'A? RELATED ARTICLES Previous 1 Next Will first contact with aliens spell the end of... Print Christmas Nike Air Yeezy out your photos or risk losing them, warns Google boss Search for the world's 'loneliest whale': Experts want to... Parents lie more in front of sons than daughters - and it... Share this article Share 44 shares But when things are under our control, and we are judging our own performance, superstitions rarely come Christmas Nike Air Yeezy into the equations, the scientists say.'For example, a musician wants to become competent as a guitar player and perceive that he/she has mastered a piece of music,' said Professor Hamerman.Since learning goals are motivated by a person's own judgement, this leads to that person thinking they can control the situation. Eric Hamerman at Tulane Christmas Nike Air Yeezy University and Carey Morewedge at Boston University have found that people are more likely to turn to superstitions, such as looking for a four leaf clover or avoiding walking under ladders, during what they term 'performance goals', when others are judging themThe researchers came to this conclusion after asking volunteers to pick items that Christmas Nike Air Yeezy were established as lucky or unlucky if they were to pursue certain goals.In another experiment, participants were told a pen was lucky, or were just handed a pen without reference to its past history. TOP 10 FRIDAY 13TH SUPERSTITIONS Avoid walking under laddersDo not break a mirrorIn buildings avoid the 13th floor. On airplanes, Christmas Nike Air Yeezy avoid aisle 13.Don't put new shoes on a table.A?Avoid cracks in the pavement.Don't let a black cat cross your pathA?Cross your fingersRub a beneficent stoneA?Throw salt over your left shoulderA?Carry around a lucky charmA? Participants were then asked to rate their preference to use the item in a performance or learning goal.A further study Christmas Nike Air Yeezy saw them watch video game avatars were associated with success or failure in a game scenario.Participants then had to choose between avatars when pursuing a performance or learning goal. The avatars did not significantly affect their choice, the study found.Previous research has shown that when a goal has high uncertainty , people are more Christmas Nike Air Yeezy likely to turn to superstition,' Professor Hamerman explains.'When performance goals become more uncertain, people use superstition to help achieve them.'However, increasing the uncertainty of learning goals does not affect whether or not people turn to superstition,' Hamerman explains.He cautioned that the research does not investigate whether belief in superstitions has an effect on actual Christmas Nike Air Yeezy performance.But he added: 'We show that using superstition increases people's confidence in achieving performance goals'It is certainly possible that under certain circumstances, increased confidence may lead to improved performance.' .